Lumber Dept.

   Manager and Chairman of the Board


Lumber species of the month... Spruce


Characteristics.... Spruce ranges from near-white to a pale yellow brown, with very little distinction between sapwood and heartwood. It is typically straight-grained, with a fine texture and a natural luster. The contrast between the lighter earlywood and darker latewood makes the growth rings clearly visible. Quarter sawn surfaces occasionally show an attractive ripple figure known as 'flower grain' or Haselichte.
Durability....The wood is not durable, with little resistance to attack from decay-causing fungi, longhorn and pinhole borers and wood wasps. The sapwood is vulnerable to attack from common furniture beetle. The heartwood is resistant to preservative treatment.
Properties... The wood has low resistance to shock loads and low stiffness, medium crushing and bending strength, and very poor steam-bending properties. It works easily and well with both machine and hand tools and has a slightly blunting effect, but hard knots can damage cutting edges. The fifth person who can tell me the origin of this species will get a free bowl blank. Call 513 295 4149. Spruce planes, turns, saws, bores, molds, glues, sands, nails, screws, varnishes, paints and stains well.
Origin … Europe, western Russia, Canada and USA
Common uses.... Apart from Christmas trees, spruce is used for carpentry, interior construction, and joinery, boxes and crates, domestic flooring, pit props, pulp and paper, ladder stringers, veneer and plywood. Selected timber (known as 'Swiss pine”) is quarter sawn to make soundboards for stringed musical instruments.
Possible health risk.... Respiratory problems, irritation to nose and throat, allergic bronchial asthma
Availability... about 80 board feet is in stock at $4.00 per board foot, in 8” widths and in 8' lengths by 4/4 thickness.